Kitchen Ventilation Resources

Here are my top resources for 1) general overviews and summaries, and 2) guidance and tools for selecting, designing, and installing kitchen range hood systems.(PDF attached)

The items are annotated and updated versions of what is in the Jan. 2018 ROCIS best practice guidance document.

User feedback on the guidance document is requested:  please go to http://rocis.org/range-hood-guidance-document-commentary.

ROCIS KITCHEN RANGE HOOD GUIDANCE: ANNOTATED RESOURCE LIST

 Thomas J. Phillips, May 17, 2018

 INTRODUCTION

 

To help consumers and professionals who want a “good” range hood, we have selected and annotated some key resources, references, and tools. Two types of information are highlighted below: 1) general overviews and summaries, and 2) guidance and tools for selecting, designing, and installing kitchen range hood systems. Recirculating hoods (unvented or unducted) are not recommended and are not addressed here.

 

Later this year, the Home Ventilating Institute should have its testing and certification systems in place for measuring and listing the “Capture Efficiency” of range hoods. This will be a critical resource for selecting effective range hoods.

  

OVERVIEWS & SUMMARIES

Stratton, C., Feb. 28, 2015. “Kitchen Ventilation.” Home Energy magazine.

A summary of LBNL research findings on range hood performance in the lab and in homes, in terms of pollutant removal, noise, and energy. Also discussed are low polluting cooking practices, building codes, high performance homes, and existing homes.

http://homeenergy.org/show/article/nav/ventilation/id/2027. (requires subscription)

Full report and ACEEE 2014 paper: Stratton and Singer, 2014. LBNL-6547E.

 

Seltenrich, N., 2014. “Take care in the kitchen: avoiding cooking-related pollutants”. Environmental Health Perspectives 122(6): A154-A159. Open access.

A summary of health concerns, building code issues, and recent research on cooking emissions and range hood effectiveness. Low pollution cooking practices and the hood capture efficiency test method are also summarized.

DOI: 10.1289/ehp.122-A154.

 

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA.

The Indoor Environment Group at LBNL has conducted various lab, field, and modeling studies and user surveys about kitchen ventilation, indoor air quality, and health risks. They have also developed a standard test method for hood capture efficiency (see HVI item below).

Short videos (Singer, 2013; Logue, 2013) on health concerns, hood testing, and cooking recommendations.

News article (2013) summarizing LBNL test results, effectiveness rating, and future work.

Research reports and journal articles (searchable site; see Homes category).

 

California Air Resources Board (CARB), 2016. “Cooking and Range Hoods”. Indoor Air Quality Program, Research Division. Sacramento, CA.

Research reports and articles, videos, and on pollutant emissions and the health impacts from cooking and ways to reduce your exposure to cooking pollutants.

https://www.arb.ca.gov/research/indoor/cooking/cooking_range_hoods.htm.

LBNL research project: slides, interview video, and final report (Singer, 2013).

Residential cooking exposure study of gas and electric stove emissions during several types of cooking, and for several types of pollutants: final report (Fortmann et al., 2001).

  

HOOD & DUCT DESIGN & INSTALLATION

 Consumer Reports, May 2017. “Range Hood Buying Guide. Getting Started”.

A general summary of key features of range hoods and how to select and install the best hood for your needs. Recent findings on hood capture efficiency are not included. This article may be updated periodically.      

https://www.consumerreports.org/cro/range-hoods/buying-guide/index.htm

 

Home Ventilating Institute (HVI), 2018. “Publication 911: Certified Home Ventilating Products Directory”. Updated periodically. Cheyenne, WY.

Noise (sone) and air flow (cfm) ratings for ducted range hoods, based on a standard lab test method with a specific static pressure. Sortable by sound rating, duct diameter, etc.

 

  • NOTE: for “Range Hood Shell only” (units with controls, lights, filters, etc., but no fan, for use with inline or remote exhaust fan).
    Search the web and call the Technical Departments of manufacturers or distributors.

 

Pacific Northwest National Labs (PNNL), 2017. “HVAC – Ventilation, Building America Solutions Center”. U.S. Department of Energy. Richland, WA.

Installation guides and training videos for installing and inspecting kitchen ventilation exhaust systems and air sealing of exhaust fans. Also included are standards compliance information and existing home applications. This website is updated periodically to reflect new R&D findings.

https://basc.pnnl.gov/building-components/browse/180327, see Kitchen Ventilation and Air Sealing Bathroom and Kitchen Exhaust Fans.

Jellen, A., Turns M., Wolfgang, B., 2012. BB0412: “Kitchen Ventilation Systems –
Part 2”. The Pennsylvania Housing Research Center. Builder Brief: April 2012.

Design guidance for introducing makeup air for a residential kitchen exhaust system using three common techniques: (1) engineered openings, (2) HVAC-integrated air systems, and (3) dedicated makeup air units. Also discussed are common design practices for meeting the interlocking and closure requirements of the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC), Section M1503.4.

http://www.phrc.psu.edu/assets/docs/Publications/BB0412.pdf.

 

Broan-Nutone LLC, 2018. “Range Hood Make-Up Air Specifier”. Hartford, WI.

Interactive tool for meeting building codes for hood make-up air in dwelling units, by state and county in the U.S. Specific input parameters such as duct size, design depressurization limit, dwelling air leakage rate, and static pressure in the ductwork are required. The tool specifies the type of ducting and exhaust fan needed to meet code.

http://tools.broan.com/muatemplate.aspx.

ROCIS range hood annotated resources 5-17-18 TJP.pdf

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Replies

  • Another general resource is the indoor air quality guidelines of Health Canada at: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/air-quality/residen...

    These are particularly important if you would like to have some basic information on the health effects of NOx and carbon monoxide that might be produced by gas stoves.

    Residential indoor air quality guidelines - Canada.ca
    The Residential Indoor Air Quality Guidelines summarize the health risks of specific indoor pollutants. The guidelines recommend exposure limits for…
  • Selected updates with new Info:

    COOKING EMISSIONS & VENTILATION

    -- UK study of PM emission rates for 4 full meals.  "Using a cooker hood (apparent capture efficiency > 90%) and frying in non-stick pans were found to significantly reduce emissions. OPC calibration factors varied between 1.5 and 5.0 showing that a single value cannot be used for all meals and that gravimetric sampling is necessary when measuring PM2.5 concentrations in kitchens."

    O'Leary et al. 2019. Investigating measurements of fine particle (PM2.5 ) emissions from the cooking of meals and mitigating exposure using a cooker hood. February 2019 Indoor Air. DOI: 10.1111/ina.12542. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30715750.

    -- In IAP special issue (S. Miller ed.)

    1) Dry-Heat Cooking of Meats as a Source of Airborne N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)
    by Hekap Kim, Jiyeon Tcha, Man-yong Shim and Sungjin Jung
    Atmosphere 2019, 10(2), 91; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10020091

    2) Impact of Biomass Home Heating, Cooking Styles, and Bread Toasting ...

    Atmosphere 2018, 9(6), 214; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9060214

    -- Case study of home make up air with 4 ERVs & filters & hydronic heating coil for commercial stove & hood; codes & access requirements discussed.  System performance testing was not discussed.

    "Makeup Air for a Kitchen Range Exhaust Hood." JLC Online, Ted Cushman, 4/3/19, https://www.jlconline.com/how-to/hvac/makeup-air-for-a-kitchen-rang....

    Investigating measurements of fine particle (PM2.5 ) emissions from the cooking of meals and mitiga…
    Indoor Air. 2019 May;29(3):423-438. doi: 10.1111/ina.12542. Epub 2019 Mar 4. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Here is a light video on kitchen range hood installations as shown in a Tiny House. The information is quite good and Brett Singer helped out.

    http://homeenergypros.org/video/kitchen-exhaust-guide-to-buying-a-r...

  • Another good publication written for builders/renovators/HVAC professionals was Chris Stratton's article called "Kitchen Ventilation" in Home Energy Magazine in 2015. The attached file is in a small font; you may have to enlarge it a bit for easier reading.

    Stratton from 32.2 Proofs.pdf

    https://storage.ning.com/topology/rest/1.0/file/get/3668606783?profile=original
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